This paper examines whether and to what extent student engagement with the learning management system (LMS) Blackboard affects students’ academic performance during the COVID-19 pandemic. We find strong evidence that higher student engagement with Blackboard is associated with better academic performance. We also find that the association between student engagement and student academic performance varies with different blended learning formats. Specifically, the positive effects are more pronounced when synchronous online lectures and face-to-face tutorials are implemented. Given that COVID-19 is a constantly moving situation, this study highlights that a blended learning approach needs to engage students actively to facilitate social interaction with teachers and peers during periods of social restrictions.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.