Japanese Managerial and Organizational Learning
Thunderbird International Business Review
The article describes how the external forces of Japanese culture, industrial organization, and government intervention support managerial and organizational learning. It provides an overview of the culturally explicit philosophies that govern and stimulate learning in Japan, then explains how these philosophies are exhibited in Japanese management practice today. A model is presented which demonstrates the relationships among external forces, philosophical origins, management practice, and managerial and organizational learning. The conclusion is that managerial and organizational learning constitute one of Japan's most valuable competitive advantages.
Keys, J. Bernard, Robert A. Wells, Luther Trey Denton.
"Japanese Managerial and Organizational Learning."
Thunderbird International Business Review, 40 (2): 119-139.