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Abstract

The notion of a replica of a nontrivial in-tree is defined. A result enabling to determine whether an in-tree is a replica of another in-tree employing an injective mapping between some subsets of sources of these in-trees is presented. There are given necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a functional square root of a function from a finite set to itself through presenting necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a square root of a component of the functional graph for the function and for the existence of a square root of the union of two components of the functional graph for the function containing cycles of the same length using the concept of the replica.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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