Term of Award
Master of Science
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Barton P. Buxton
Committee Member 1
W. Kent Guion
Committee Member 2
A. Barry Joyner
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in skin temperature, during ice application applied through a dry towel and a dry elastic bandage. Nine subjects (5 males & 4 females) with a mean age of 22 (± 1.0) years participated in the study. Each subject read and signed an informed consent form and a pre-participation questionnaire prior to their participation in the investigation. A 3X3 Latin Square Design design was used. The subjects completed three treatment sessions over a three day period with a 24 hour rest between each treatment session. Each treatment consisted of a 10 minute pre-treatment measure for standardization of skin temperature (S temp). Then subjects completed a 30 minute treatment session which consisted of ice application (1.5 lb. of crushed ice) applied through three conditions; (1) Dry Towel, (2) Dry Elastic Bandage, and (3) Control (directly on skin). Following the removal of the ice, all subjects were monitored for 20 minutes for S temp. All measurements were recorded every two and a half minutes. A two-way ANOVA with repeated mesures was performed to determine if differences existed between treatment groups. Significant differences between groups were determined using withinsubjects contrasts. The alpha level was set at p<0.05. The results of the investigation indicated that a significant interaction (p<0.05) existed in S temp between Control (12.50° ± 4.39° C) and Dry Towel (23.48° ± 2.88° C), Control (12.50° ± 4.39° C) and Dry Elastic Wrap (27.47° ± 2.36° C), and Dry Towel (23.48° ± 2.88° C) and Dry Elastic Wrap (27.47° ± 2.36° C). The findings of this investigation indicate that using a barrier (dry towel or dry elastic bandage) limits the physiological effects of the ice application.
Tsang, Kavin KW, "The Effects of Cryotherapy Applied through Various Barriers" (1997). Legacy ETDs. 394.