Term of Award

Spring 1997

Degree Name

Master of Science

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Barton P. Buxton

Committee Member 1

W. Kent Guion

Committee Member 2

A. Barry Joyner


The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in skin temperature, during ice application applied through a dry towel and a dry elastic bandage. Nine subjects (5 males & 4 females) with a mean age of 22 (± 1.0) years participated in the study. Each subject read and signed an informed consent form and a pre-participation questionnaire prior to their participation in the investigation. A 3X3 Latin Square Design design was used. The subjects completed three treatment sessions over a three day period with a 24 hour rest between each treatment session. Each treatment consisted of a 10 minute pre-treatment measure for standardization of skin temperature (S temp). Then subjects completed a 30 minute treatment session which consisted of ice application (1.5 lb. of crushed ice) applied through three conditions; (1) Dry Towel, (2) Dry Elastic Bandage, and (3) Control (directly on skin). Following the removal of the ice, all subjects were monitored for 20 minutes for S temp. All measurements were recorded every two and a half minutes. A two-way ANOVA with repeated mesures was performed to determine if differences existed between treatment groups. Significant differences between groups were determined using withinsubjects contrasts. The alpha level was set at p<0.05. The results of the investigation indicated that a significant interaction (p<0.05) existed in S temp between Control (12.50° ± 4.39° C) and Dry Towel (23.48° ± 2.88° C), Control (12.50° ± 4.39° C) and Dry Elastic Wrap (27.47° ± 2.36° C), and Dry Towel (23.48° ± 2.88° C) and Dry Elastic Wrap (27.47° ± 2.36° C). The findings of this investigation indicate that using a barrier (dry towel or dry elastic bandage) limits the physiological effects of the ice application.


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