Document Type

Contribution to Book

Publication Date


Publication Title

Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary STEM Teaching and Learning Conference



A mixed methods, action research case study was conducted to investigate the effects of incorporating LEGO robotics into a seventh-grade mathematics curriculum focused on the development of proportional reasoning through the lens of Social Constructivist Theory. This study applied students’ prior knowledge of the distance, rate, and time formula as they used LEGO EV3 robots to calculate the rate of a robot. The information gained was applied to different iterations, and structures, of the formula to support the development of proportional reasoning skills. The purposefully designed lessons were integral to the development of the students’ understanding of the proportionality existing among the variables. The quantitative analysis reflects the acquisition of understanding of proportional relationships with the greatest increase being from low-performing students. The qualitative analysis provides an in-depth look at how students used their understanding of the distance, rate, and time relationship to develop proportional reasoning skills. Overall, the inclusion of robotics was productive for learning; however, future studies should be completed, on larger student populations, as a means to validate the quantitative findings and continue to improve the curriculum.


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.