Title

Risk-Taking

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Publication Date

5-24-2016

Publication Title

The Encyclopedia of Adolescence

DOI

10.1007/978-3-319-32132-5_15-2

ISBN

978-3-319-32132-5

Abstract

Research has examined a wide range of factors that are associated with adolescent risk-taking, drawn from across academic subdisciplines. These factors and their role in adolescent risk-taking tend to be examined in isolation of other factors, which poses problems for gaining a clear understanding of adolescent risk-taking. The present essay reviews a number of these factors – specifically, social-contextual influences, cognitive and affective decision-making tendencies, impulsivity, sensation seeking, and sex differences – and organizes them within an opportunity-propensity framework. The implications of this approach for risk-taking interventions are briefly discussed.