By the time students enter the fourth grade, it is expected that they possess the basic literacy skills needed to read and learn content. It is the general belief that in the early grades, students are taught foundational literacy skills that make them proficient readers by the time they become adolescent learners. For many, this assumption is true. However, for a large majority of students between Grades 4 and 12, basic literacy skills are not in place, leading them to struggle to acquire information. Oral reading fluency, one of the basic literacy skills that adolescents must possess, can be explicitly taught beyond the early years. In this article, the author discusses who are struggling adolescent readers, what is oral reading fluency and why it is significant for this group, and how five specific strategies can be used with this population.

Five Oral Reading Fluency Strategies.pdf (116 kB)
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