Term of Award

Summer 2001

Degree Name

Master of Science

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)

Department

Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Elisabeth D. Sherwin

Committee Member 1

Janice H. Kennedy

Committee Member 2

Margaret A. Lloyd

Committee Member 3

William D. McIntosh

Committee Member 4

Janice N. Steirn

Abstract

A vast amount of research has shown that stress may elicit the use of alcohol as a coping response and a growing body of research has begun to identify the underlying personality, biological, and/or environmental influences of stress-induced drinking. The present study examined Snyder's concept of hope as a predictor of coping style and alcohol expectancies (attributes correlated to stress-induced drinking) and their relation to the tension reduction hypothesis of alcohol consumption. It was expected that hope would predict an individual's coping style as well as his/her expectancies regarding the effectiveness of alcohol use. In addition, it was thought that hope (as well as coping style and alcohol expectancies) would predict the use of alcohol as a form of tension reduction. Discriminant function analyses suggest that hope does predict coping style and alcohol expectancies, and a multiple regression analysis indicated that hope was the strongest predictor of alcohol use as a form of coping. Results, however, failed to support the tension reduction hypothesis.

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