Term of Award

Fall 2023

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership (Ed.D.)

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


College of Education

Committee Chair

Patricia Holt

Committee Member 1

Antonio Guiterrez de Blume

Committee Member 2

Carl Sorgen


The purpose of this study was to determine whether supports and services offered in various study hall programs (Traditional, Objective Based, and/or Objective Based +) at the high school level to help student athletes be academically successful in terms of achieving a minimum GPA of 2.0 or above. Basketball programs were used for this study because it is a major sport in the school district in which the data were collected. Data were sought via questionnaires of chosen participants via convenience sampling from eight eligible high school athletic directors in one school district in Georgia. This study called for the use of a quantitative method. Data received through the questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS.

The study was centered around three overarching research questions: What supports and services do high school athletic directors currently offer to student athletes in their buildings to help ensure student athletes’ academic success?; the second being: Is there a relationship between high school basketball student athletes’ (BSAs) GPAs and type of study hall (Traditional, objective-based, or Objective Based with certain instructional strategies)?; and, the third one being: What percentage of high school basketball student athletes (BSAs) have a 2.0 or above GPA?

The questionnaire revealed the supports and services that are or are not offered to basketball student athletes (BSAs) have an impact on the student athletes’ grade point average (GPA). However, analysis of the data showed that every BSA that participated in some form of study hall program had a GPA that was higher than a 2.0. The findings of the study revealed the more emphasis that was put on specific learning goals for student athletes resulted in higher mean GPA. All participants stated there should be some form of supports and services in place to support student athlete academic achievement.

This study impacts educational stakeholders by providing research that shows how beneficial supports and services can be not only to an athletic program but to an educational system. Furthermore, this study can be beneficial to the GHSA and other athletic associations where guidelines can be implemented to provide students resources necessary for academic success.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material