Term of Award

Spring 2022

Degree Name

Master of Science, Mechanical Engineering

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Committee Chair

Shaowen Xu

Committee Member 1

Aniruddha Mitra

Committee Member 2

Haijun Gong


In this research, high strength 3D-nano Bacterial Cellulose (BC) framework was utilized to modify Young’s modulus and optical properties such as Ultraviolet (UV) protection and transparency of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA/acrylic). The fabrication of this BC reinforced composite included the following steps: a) the bacterial cellulose membranes were cultivated with a Hestrin and Shramm medium with acetic acid bacteria (Acetobacter Xylinus), b) the bacteria and other organic substances in the bacterial cellulous membrane were cleaned to form a 3D framework of high strength nano-bacterial-cellulous fiber, c) the 3D framework was imbedded in Methyl Methacrylate through several steps of chemical exchange and, d) the BC reinforced composite and pure PMMA were synthesized by the polymerization of the MMA. The mechanical properties of BC reinforced composite and PMMA were determined with tensile tests. The optical property was determined by the UV-visibility spectrometer. This study found that the average Young’s Modulus of pure PMMA substrates was 1.111 GPa, and the average Young’s Modulus of the BC composite had a maximum value of 1.91 GPa. The ultimate tensile strength of the BC composite had a wide variation due to imperfections. This variation was from 20.1 MPa to 37.8 MPa. For the UV-ray block the BC composites extended the ability of high absorbance in UV-C&B range in maximum; the BC composites also had an extraordinary improvement comparing with PMMA substrate in UV-A wavelength range. In visible light wavelength, the new BC composite showed a completely different optical performance by filtering the light color which the transparency had a difference of 40% transmittance from purple light to red light wavelength (400 nm to 700 nm). Based on the data collected, this new BC composite could be used for future applications to enhance human’s sensitivity to color and also could be used as a polarizing filter for color weakness.

Research Data and Supplementary Material


Available for download on Wednesday, April 21, 2027