Term of Award

Fall 2013

Degree Name

ED.S in Instructional Technology

Document Type and Release Option

Education Specialist Paper (open access)


Leadership, Technology, and Human Development

Education Specialist Chair

Randy Carlson

Education Specialist Chair Email



The purpose of this study was to examine the effect that intrusive training has on teacher attitude and self-efficacy toward technology. Intrusive training was defined as making proactive steps on the part of the Instructional Technology Specialist to introduce teachers to new ideas, information and instruction through emails, social media, small groups and individual training sessions. A four and a half week intrusive training process was implemented with the treatment group and the results were compared to a control group. No statistical difference was found in the attitude and self-efficacy of the treatment group compared to the control group. Several limitations were mentioned as possible reasons why no effect was shown. Further studies with longer treatment times are recommended.