Bedside Management Considerations in the Treatment of Pit Viper Envenomation
Journal of Emergency Nursing
Death and disability as a result of venomous snake bite is a significant public health concern in both the United States and throughout the world. In the US, an estimated 9000 people are treated for pit viper snakebite annually,1-3 and a death rate of 1 in 756 envenomations occurs.4 Worldwide, an estimated 421,000 bites and 20,000 deaths occur annually from venomous snake bites, the majority of which occur in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.5
Smith, Susan, Susan Sanders-Sammons, Jennifer Carr, Thomas R. King, Heather S. Ambrose, Lance Zimmet, Terri M. Repasky.
"Bedside Management Considerations in the Treatment of Pit Viper Envenomation."
Journal of Emergency Nursing, 40 (6): 537-345: Elsevier.
doi: 10.1016/j.jen.2014.01.002 source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099176714000038?via%3Dihub