Triboemission from Alumina, Single Crystal Sapphire, and Aluminum
The purpose of this paper is to present experimental research work seeking a better understanding of triboemission and its role in tribochemistry. A new instrument is described for measuring the intensity and retarded-energy spectra of electrons and ions triboemitted from various sliding contacts. This instrument was designed to accommodate a variety of contact geometries and it features a wide range of applied loads and sliding speeds under high vacuum or controlled atmosphere conditions. The particle-measurement technique employs a channel electron multiplier in the pulse-counting mode. Experimental results are reported on triboemission intensity from sliding contact of diamond on three related materials: alumina, single crystal sapphire (Al2O3), and aluminum. Significant negatively-charged particle triboemission was observed from diamond-on-alumina and diamond-on-sapphire contacts. The retarded-energy spectrum of the negative-particle triboemission also was measured. Emission of positively-charged particles was found to be of relatively low intensity. Lower levels of negatively-charged triboemission, as compared to those from alumina and sapphire, were found from diamond-on-aluminum. These results are discussed with a focus on the possible role of charged particle emission in tribochemical processes and, in particular, on tribopolymerization as an effective mechanism of ceramic lubrication.
Molina, Gustavo J., Michael J. Furey, A. L. Ritter, Czeslaw Kajdas.
"Triboemission from Alumina, Single Crystal Sapphire, and Aluminum."
Wear, 249 (3 to 4): 214-219.
doi: 10.1016/S0043-1648(01)00568-3 source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0043164801005683?via%3Dihub