Title

Enumeration of BC-Subtrees of trees

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-17-2015

Publication Title

Theoretical Computer Science

DOI

10.1016/j.tcs.2015.02.028

ISSN

0304-3975

Abstract

A BC-tree (block-cutpoint-tree) is a tree (with at least two vertices) where the distance between any two leaves is even. Motivated from the study of the “core” of a graph, BC-trees form an interesting class of trees. We provide a comprehensive study of questions related to BC-trees. As the analogue of the study of extremal questions on subtrees of trees, we first characterize the general extremal trees that maximize or minimize the number of BC-subtrees or leaf-containing BC-subtrees. We further discuss the “middle part” of a tree with respect to the number of BC-subtrees, namely the BC-subtree-core that behaves in a rather different way than all previously known “middle parts” of a tree. Last but not least, fast algorithms are proposed (following similar ideas as those of the enumeration of subtrees) for enumerating various classes of BC-subtrees of a tree.

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