Let H = -Δ+V be a Schrödinger operator on Rn. We show that gradient estimates for the heat kernel of H with upper Gaussian bounds imply polynomial decay for the kernels of certain smooth dyadic spectral operators. The latter decay property has been known to play an important role in the Littlewood-Paley theory for Lp and Sobolev spaces. We are able to establish the result by modifying Hebisch and the author’s recent proofs. We give a counterexample in one dimension to show that there exists V in the Schwartz class such that the long time gradient heat kernel estimate fails.
"Note on Gradient Estimates of Heat Kernel for Schrödinger Operators."
Applied Mathematics, 1 (5): 425-430.