Electronic Journal of Combinatorics
The authors discovered a dual behaviour of two tree indices, the Wiener index and the number of subtrees, for a number of extremal problems [Discrete Appl. Math. 155 (3) 2006, 374-385; Adv. Appl. Math. 34 (2005), 138-155]. Barefoot, Entringer and Székely [Discrete Appl. Math. 80 (1997), 37-56] determined extremal values of σT(w)/σT(u), σT(w)/σT(v), σ(T)/σT(v), and σ(T)/σT(w), where T is a tree on n vertices, v is in the centroid of the tree T, and u,w are leaves in T.
In this paper we test how far the negative correlation between distances and subtrees go if we look for the extremal values of FT(w)/FT(u), FT(w)/FT(v), F(T)/FT(v), and F(T)/FT(w), where T is a tree on n vertices, v is in the subtree core of the tree T, and u,w are leaves in T-the complete analogue of [Discrete Appl. Math. 80 (1997), 37-56], changing distances to the number of subtrees. We include a number of open problems, shifting the interest towards the number of subtrees in graphs.
Székely, László A., Hua Wang.
"Extremal Values of Ratios: Distance Problems vs. Subtree Problems in Trees."
Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 20 (1): 1-20.