Date

2020

Major

Mechanical Engineering (B.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Valentin Soloiu

Abstract

The pollution from the aerospace transportation is rapidly becoming the largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The FAA expects aviation emissions to almost triple by 2050, making the aerospace industry responsible for the release of approximately 25% of the global carbon dioxide budget. These aviation emissions, including CO2 and NOx, as well as other GHGs, contribute to the destruction of ozone layer. Carbon dioxide emissions have a particularly negative effect on humans, leading to airway diseases especially in children and elderly. To combat the addition of further GHG emissions into the atmosphere, it is necessary to minimize the usage of fossil fuels and explore alternatives. Fischer-Tropsch synthetic fuels can be produced from recycled biomass and have high potential for both commercial and military use due to their favorable balance of fuel properties. The purpose of this study is to analyze synthetic kerosene fuel IPK through experimentation in a turbojet engine. The combustion, emissions, noise, and vibrations characteristics of the synthetic kerosene fuel will be investigated and compared to those of standard jet fuel (Jet A). Electronic data acquisition systems, including microphones, accelerometers, load cells, and a state of art emissions analyzer will be employed to test the turbojet.

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