Presentation Title

Pennation Angle of Gastrocnemius Lateral and Medial Heads Can Be Measured Reliably in Prone and Also Standing Positions

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Abstract or Description

Pennation angle of gastrocnemius muscle is important for muscle force production. This angle is often measured in laying position (e.g., Zhou et al. 2012 [1]). Many human movement we study occurs in standing position. Can this angle be measured reliably in standing position? The purpose of this investigation is to examine the test-retest reliability of both lateral and medial heads pennation angles of gastrocnemius during standing position.


International Society of Biomechanics Annual Conference (ISB)


Brisbane, Australia