Term of Award

Spring 2002

Degree Name

Doctor of Education in Educational Administration

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (restricted to Georgia Southern)


Department of Leadership, Technology, and Human Development

Committee Chair

Bryan W. Griffin

Committee Member 1

Charles Hardy

Committee Member 2

Catherine Wooddy


The purpose of this study was to analyze the discipline referrals, grade point averages, absences, and dropout status of students who participated in extracurricular activities and those who did not. A further purpose was to explore the different types of extracurricular activities and students were placed into one of five categories: no participation, athletics, band and music, clubs, and multiple area participation. A proportional stratified systematic sample of 600 students from a medium size school district in Georgia were utilized in this study.

The study found that differences existed between the groups. When placed into two groups, participation and no participation, differences were also noted. ANOVA results revealed statistically significant differences in discipline referrals, grade point averages, and attendance between the participation and non-participation groups. However, not all differences were statistically significant when the control variables were introduced. The differences among the five groups, band and music, athletics, clubs, multiple participation, and non-participation, were not significant when the covariates were introduced. The control variables used were gender, race, grade in school, special programs, and Iowa Test of Basic Skills composite scores. All other analysis between the two groups and the five groups were statistically significant. Although 14 of the 15 dropouts did not participate in any extracurricular activity, the number of dropouts was too low to produce accurate statistical results.


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