Term of Award

Winter 1984

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)

Committee Chair

Gary McClure

Committee Member 1

Russell Dewey

Committee Member 2

Cynthia Legin-Bucell

Abstract

Increasing self-concept in moderately retarded adults was the aim of this study which paired eight moderately retarded adults with their profoundly retarded peers in daily one-on- a social interactions. The moderately retarded adults, ages 21-55 and of both sexes, served as Helpers in instructing their lower-functioning Learners on a specific goal activity. Results indicated no statistically significant change in self-concept as measured by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Acceptance for Young Children. Number of days of interaction appeared to be positively related to self-concept increase. Additionally, seven of eight Learners improved on their goal activity subsequent to Helper instruction. The possible efficacy of using moderately retarded clients as support staff in mental retardation centers is suggested.

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