Term of Award

Fall 1996

Degree Name

Master of Science

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)


Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Daniel G. Webster

Committee Member 1

james L. Pugh

Committee Member 2

Edward W. L. Smith


This study examined headaches and temporomandibular dysfunction in 79 undergraduate psychology students based on their responses to a symptom questionnaire developed for the study. Participants were differentiated into groups showing symptoms of headache, temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), both headache and TMD, or few or no symptoms. Psychological variables (depression, anxiety, perceived stress, health locus of control, type-A, and hostility) and electromyograms (EMG) were compared. Laboratory stress (anagram task) was used while recording EMG. The data were analyzed using a discriminate function analysis which showed that a combination of psychological variables discriminates between groups with 69% accuracy. The results and questionnaire developed may be used to better understand the etiology of the different conditions, and to aid in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.


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