Term of Award

Summer 1999

Degree Name

Master of Science

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)

Department

Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

W. Kent Guion

Committee Member 1

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Charles J. Hardy

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise training, aerobic and a combination of aerobic and resistance, on mood state and selfesteem in a sample of cardiac rehabilitation patients. A secondary purpose was to examine the influence of activity level on the psychological benefits received from the training programs. This study was conducted in a pretest/post-test format over an eight week period. Ten phase III participants (male = 9 and female = 1) volunteered from four cardiac rehabilitation centers in Georgia for participation in this study. Each participant read and signed an informed consent form prior to any data collection. All participants were involved in either an aerobic training program or a combination of aerobic and resistance training program. The Profile of Mood States (POMS) was used to determine changes in mood state with the implementation of a training program and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSE) was used to assess changes in self-esteem. A single item activity inventory was used to determine activity level of each participant outside of the cardiac rehabilitation program for the four months prior to the study. No observable differences were found between aerobic and combination training groups for any of the self-esteem and mood variables. There were also no observable differences between the active and inactive groups for any of the variables. Not all participants reported improvements for each variable, but none had decrement in mood or self-esteem score. All participants reported increased vigor and decreased total mood disturbance. The results of this study suggest that aerobic training and a combination of aerobic and resistance training are beneficial for improving self-esteem and mood state in a cardiac rehabilitation population.

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