Term of Award
Master of Arts in Psychology
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Psychology
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
People regard themselves in more favorable terms than they regard others. They especially tend to engage in such esteem-enhancing strategies when their self-esteem is threatened (Tesser & Cornell, 1991), as an attempt to maintain their level of self-esteem. The current study was conducted to investigate whether this tendency to positively distort one's self-perception compared to others could be attenuated by providing differential types of approval to act as self-esteem enhancement, thereby reducing the need for further self-esteem enhancing behavior. The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960) was assumed to measure primarily need for social approval, and subjects with high need for approval scores were assumed to have a high need for social approval. Those with low need for approval scores were assumed to maintain their self-esteem through means other than external approval from others, in this case, internal approval. Results suggest that following approval, both low and high self-esteem individuals judge themselves better than others, and that social approval may be a somewhat more powerful form of self-esteem enhancement than is internal approval, particularly for persons with low self-esteem. The findings are discussed in terms of self-esteem maintenance.
Wayne, Shanan Mitchell, "Self-Esteem and Need for Approval: Differential Attenuation of Distorted Self-Perception" (1995). Legacy ETDs. 79.