Term of Award
Master of Science in Kinesiology with an Emphasis in Sport Psychology
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Kevin L. Burke
Committee Member 1
A. Barry Joyner
Committee Member 2
Charles J. Hardy
Athlete burnout is becoming a major issue in the sporting world, and more research is needed regarding its incidence and associated variables (Fender, 1989). The current study investigated the prevalence of athlete burnout among competitive athletes from youth, high school, and collegiate age groups. Further, the associations between athlete burnout and competitive trait anxiety and perceived control, key variables in the Smith (1986) and Coakley (1992) models of burnout, are explored. The sample consisted of 153 competitive athletes (58 males, 95 females) from three age levels. The Eades Athlete Burnout Inventory (Eades, 1990), Sport Anxiety Scale (Smith, Smoll. & Schutz, 1990), and a modified version of the Control Over One's Sport Environment scale (Tetrick & Larocco, 1987) were completed by 30 youth (ages 10-13 years). 67 high school (ages 14-18 years), and 56 college (ages 18-22 years) athletes. Also, a directional scale was added to the Sport Anxiety Scale on which athletes rated the extent to which items were perceived as helpful or hurtful to performance. Results revealed that overall the sample reported a low incidence of burnout (M = 62.88, SD = 33.67). A moderate to strong positive relationship (r = .645) between athlete burnout and competitive trait anxiety was found as well as a moderate negative correlation (r = -.433) between athlete burnout and perceived control. Youth athletes (M = 28.21, SD = 18.41) scored significantly (p < .05) lower on the EABI than high school (M = 69.66, SD = 21.93) and college (M = 72.95, SD = 39.24) athletes and females (M = 68.89, SD - 37.49) reported significantly (p < .05) higher burnout scores than males (M = 52.19, SD = 22.19). Somatic anxiety was perceived to be helpful to performance (M = 2.50, SD = 12.95) while worry (M = -1.75, SD = 11.34) and concentration disruption (M = -1.01, SD = 8.54) were perceived as detrimental to performance. Implications of results and directions for future research are discussed.
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Aoyagi, Mark W., "The Associations of Competitive Trait Anxiety and Personal Control with Burnout in Sport" (2001). Legacy ETDs. 731.