Term of Award
Master of Arts in Psychology
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Psychology
John D. Murray
Committee Member 1
William D. McIntosh
Committee Member 2
Richard L. Rogers
Devine's (1989) model of stereotyping holds that the stereotype of African-Americans (the "black" stereotype) is automatically activated upon presentation of a member of the stereotyped group. Devine conducted three studies to provide empirical support for her model, and found that the black stereotype was automatically activated in white subjects, regardless of their prejudice level. The aim of the present study was to extend Devine's findings to include members of the stereotyped group, in this case African-Americans. Half of the black and white subjects were primed with the black stereotype and half were unprimed. All subjects subsequently gave trait ratings on a target whose behavior was ambiguously hostile. White subjects were then given a racism scale; black subjects were given a scale measuring racial identity. Although prejudice level was not expected to have an effect, only primed low-prejudice subjects rated the target in a stereotype-relevant manner; high-prejudice whites did not. The priming effect also did not appear in African-Americans, nor did the racial identity measure predict stereotype-relevant trait ratings. Across conditions, hostility ratings of blacks were higher than those of whites.
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Biskner, Julie A., "Automatic Processing of Stereotypes in African-Americans and Caucasians" (1995). Legacy ETDs. 55.