Term of Award
Master's of Science
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Experimental Psychology
Janice H. Kennedy
Committee Member 1
Janice N. Steirn
Committee Member 2
Paul R. Kleinginna
Committee Member 3
Richard L. Rogers
The purpose of this study was to examine participants' perceptions of a child's attractiveness, social competence, intelligence, and aggression based on sex, race, and family structure of the child. A videotape of a three-year-old child was shown to participants. Information about the sex, race, and family structure of the child was manipulated. Hypotheses were: Participants would rate children perceived to be boys higher in aggression and higher on intelligence than children perceived to be girls. Participants would rate children perceived to be black more negatively on attractiveness, social competence, intelligence, and aggression than children perceived to be white. Participants were expected to rate children perceived to be from single-parent homes as less socially competent and lower in intelligence than children perceived to be from dualparent homes. White participants were expected to rate children perceived to be black more harshly on attractiveness, social competence, intelligence, and aggression than children perceived to be white. Participants who rated children high on attractiveness were also expected to rate them high on social competence and intelligence and low on aggression. Finally, participants were expected to rate boys' intelligence significantly higher than girls' intelligence. Results indicated that attractiveness ratings were consistent with previous literature showing attractive individuals are perceived as having other desirable traits, and that attractiveness ratings were related to the sex of the person being perceived where girls were rated higher in attractiveness than boys. Social competence ratings were contrary to previous research in that children in single-parent homes were rated as more socially competent than children in dual-parent homes. Children in single-parent homes were also rated as more attractive and received higher overall ratings than children in dual-parent homes. Intelligence ratings were in the opposite direction predicted in that girls were rated higher in intelligence than boys. When only the "black child" was considered, aggression ratings were affected by the sex of participant and the sex of child where men rated girls higher in aggression than did women.
To obtain a full copy of this work, please visit the campus of Georgia Southern University or request a copy via your institution's Interlibrary Loan (ILL) department. Authors and copyright holders, learn how you can make your work openly accessible online.
Lucas, Coretta Lauran, "The Effects of Sex, Race, and Family Structure on Perceptions of Children" (2002). Legacy ETDs. 529.