Term of Award

Spring 2002

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Social Science

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)


Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Committee Chair

William L. Smith

Committee Member 1

Peggy G. Hargis

Committee Member 2

Gary Hytrek


This thesis analyzes the extent to which an enclave economy affects the earnings of immigrants compared to that of human and social capital. Ordinal Least Squares (OLS) multiple regressions are used to compare the degree of effects of independent variables on earnings: the first equation is the baseline model for the enclave economy, the second incorporates human capital, and the third incorporates social capital. The dependent variable is monthly earnings. The independent variables include (1) a set of control variables, (2) the primary and enclave labor-markets, and (3) human and social capital characteristics. Findings show that an enclave economy has a far less extensive and significant effect on immigrants' earnings than human and social capital. The analysis also reveals that sex and hours worked per week affect immigrants' earnings to a much greater extent than an enclave economy.


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