Term of Award

Spring 2006

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 1

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 3

Drew Zwald

Committee Member 3 Email



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a four-week individual goal-setting intervention program on driving accuracy performance, state self-confidence, and goal orientation in average golfers. The participants were obtained from two intermediate golf physical activity classes (n=43). The experimental group (n=20) was educated on all aspects of proper goal-setting while the control group (n=23) was asked to do their best. The Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ; Gill & Deeter, 1988) was used to measure overall goal orientation. The State Sport Confidence Inventory (SSCI; Vealey, 1986) was used to measure each participant's sport confidence. Two-way ANOVAs with repeated measures were used to examine the statistical differences between groups for driving accuracy and self-confidence. Correlation coefficients were used to examine the relationship between pre-goal orientation and driving accuracy performance. The results revealed a significant interaction between goal-setting and driving accuracy performance.