Term of Award

Spring 2006

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 1

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 3

Drew Zwald

Committee Member 3 Email



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a four-week individual goal-setting intervention program on driving accuracy performance, state self-confidence, and goal orientation in average golfers. The participants were obtained from two intermediate golf physical activity classes (n=43). The experimental group (n=20) was educated on all aspects of proper goal-setting while the control group (n=23) was asked to do their best. The Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ; Gill & Deeter, 1988) was used to measure overall goal orientation. The State Sport Confidence Inventory (SSCI; Vealey, 1986) was used to measure each participant's sport confidence. Two-way ANOVAs with repeated measures were used to examine the statistical differences between groups for driving accuracy and self-confidence. Correlation coefficients were used to examine the relationship between pre-goal orientation and driving accuracy performance. The results revealed a significant interaction between goal-setting and driving accuracy performance.

Research Data and Supplementary Material