The Effect of Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes on The Mechanical And Rheological Properties of Polystyrene/Nanotube Composites
Term of Award
Master of Science in Applied Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Mechanical Engineering
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A novel approach was taken to achieve sidewall functionalization by reacting carbon nanotubes with the Grignard reagents phenylmagnesium and styrenylmagnesium bromides. Covalent attachment to the sidewalls was investigated using sedimentation studies and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Nanotubes were also characterized using scanning electron microscopy. Polystyrene/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube (PS/MWCNT) nanocomposites were prepared via in-situ polymerization utilizing thermal bulk polymerization. The Young’s modulus is shown to increase by 4% compared to neat polystyrene by incorporating 0.1% functionalized MWCNTs. Elongation at break is shown to increase by more than 100% compared to neat polystyrene for functionalized MWCNT loading of 0.1wt%. Increases in both modulus and strength were also observed with increased nanotube loadings. The glass transition temperatures of the composites are shown to increase with the addition of functionalized MWCNTs.
Long, Christopher, "The Effect of Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes on The Mechanical And Rheological Properties of Polystyrene/Nanotube Composites" (2013). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 898.