Term of Award
Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (open access)
Copyright Statement / License for Reuse
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Jonathan N. Metzler
Committee Member 1
Daniel R. Czech
Committee Member 2
A. Barry Joyner
Committee Member 3
Committee Member 3 Email
Motivation and inspiration are often used superficially and synonymously in media coverage of sport. Sportscasters and reporters speculate about athlete motivation cite inspirational locker room speeches from coaches as a motivational source. Research in and out of sport psychology has developed and verified theories to describe mechanisms of motivation change (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Vallerand, 1997), but there is little research on the role of inspiration (Thrash & Elliot; 2003, 2004). The current study aimed to determine if inspiration can be manipulated, and if so, how increased inspiration impacts situational motivation of athletes. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that inspiration increased for collegiate football players randomly assigned to observe a simulated pep-talk but not for their counterparts assigned to a control group. Situational autonomous motivation did not exhibit a similar response. Multiple regression analysis revealed that change in inspiration was not predictive of change in situational motivation. The results support the contention that inspiration and situational motivation are distinct constructs. Future research in sport should attend to examining consequences of inspiration change in athletes to clarify the role of inspiration contrasted against motivation in sport.
Gonzalez, Stephen Patrick, "Role of Inspiration in Increasing Situational Motivation in Male Team Athletes" (2009). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 89.
Research Data and Supplementary Material