Comparison of Optimism Levels and Life Stress Levels Among NCAA Division I Athletes and Non-Athletes
Term of Award
Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (open access)
Copyright Statement / License for Reuse
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Daniel R. Czech
Committee Member 1
Glenn P. Burdette III
Committee Member 2
A. Barry Joyner
Committee Member 3
Jonathan N. Metzler
Committee Member 3 Email
Researchers suggest that optimistic individuals approach life situations with the belief that outcomes will be favorable, and are more likely to exhibit better coping mechanisms when dealing with adversity and stress (Carver, & Scheier, 1987; Karadeaus, Karvelis, Argyropoulou, 2007). Moreover, the cognitive adaptation theory suggests that optimistic individuals are more likely to make appropriate cognitive adaptations to stressful situations (Lightsey, 1994; Alloy & Clements, 1992). Results concerning athletic status, gender, optimism, and stress are mixed. The purpose of this study was to compare athletes and non athletes and gender on optimism and life stress. The present study will utilize the Life Orientation Test-Revised, measuring optimism and the Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire, measuring life stress. The results will be analyzed using three independent t-tests with an alpha level set at .016 utilizing the Bonferroni adjustment technique. Discussion to take place will be between optimism and stress levels, athletic status, and gender.
Shearman, Eleanor Kate, "Comparison of Optimism Levels and Life Stress Levels Among NCAA Division I Athletes and Non-Athletes" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 86.
Research Data and Supplementary Material