Term of Award
Master of Arts in History (M.A.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (open access)
Copyright Statement / License for Reuse
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of History
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
This thesis traces the development of Black and white Southern women’s pursuit of political power between the end of the Civil War and the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920. Emancipation and the downfall of the antebellum planter aristocracy upset traditional Southern gender norms and opened new doors for women of both races in the political upheaval of Reconstruction. Though both Black and white women participated in the women’s club movement and joined women’s advocacy and charity groups following the Civil War, their work was distinctive both from each other and from other regional Progressive movements. The context of the South, Emancipation, the reestablishment of white Democratic rule in state governments, and burgeoning segregation meant that female activists were constantly renegotiating racial boundaries. By examining the experiences of Black and white female advocacy leaders in Virginia, I analyze how Black and white women came to be involved in political movements in the southern states, as well as how their rhetoric and how their personal backgrounds of race, class, and education influenced their political goals and interactions with each other.
Scott, Rachel, "New Women in the Old Dominion: Race and Gender in Progressive-Era Virginia" (2023). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2617.
Research Data and Supplementary Material