Term of Award

Spring 2023

Degree Name

Doctor of Public Health in Public Health Leadership (Dr.P.H.)

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health

Committee Chair

William Mase

Committee Member 1

Bettye Appenteng

Committee Member 2

Linda Kimsey

Non-Voting Committee Member

Fern J. Webb


Housing instability within the New York City (NYC) area significantly affects the community's well-being. As a robust and growing city, many families in the low-income bracket face the challenge of spending a significant portion of their monthly income toward housing costs (rent, utilities, insurance). With families spending 50% (extreme housing burden) and more of their monthly income to stay in their housing units, various disparities have presented themselves within the housing context.

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, families within NYC have struggled to maintain their housing stock. Policy and community-based actions are needed to reduce the burden experienced by low-socioeconomic status households. This study examines the community variables associated with housing burden while analyzing the scope of evictions and legal possessions during COVID-19. Utilizing the social-ecological model as a theoretical framework, the study examines the associations of housing with the livelihood of community residents.

The analysis and results bring awareness of the systems which need modification to maintain affordable housing within the NYC area. In reviewing the ethical considerations and hoping to improve equity, this study identifies the community and federal resources low-income residents can utilize to achieve housing justice.

The results of this study indicate a need for continued holistic reform within the housing sector of NYC. By engaging stakeholders, policy officials, and housing experts, New Yorkers can experience a better and brighter tomorrow by securing safe and stable housing opportunities.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material


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