Term of Award

Spring 2022

Degree Name

Master of Science, Kinesiology - Exercise Science Concentration

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Samuel Wilson

Committee Member 1

Barry Munkasy

Committee Member 2

Nicholas Siekirk


INTRODUCTION: The sport of golf is increasing in popularity among both novice and skilled players alike. A round of golf necessitates players to cope with a range of physically demanding movement patterns. At the collegiate level, golfers must transport their clubs by loading them onto the body. Previous literature has yet to determine how different golf bag carrying positions influence periodic, unloaded jump performance and perceived exertion of the load carrying task. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate how different golf bag load carriage methods may influence vertical jump performance and perceived exertion. METHODS: Five golf bag load transport conditions. Participants included 3 male and 7 female college-aged, novice golfers (23.6 ± 2.63 years; 79.3 ± 18.42 kg; 172.3 ± 7.94 cm). Participants completed a 4.8 kilometer (km) walk to simulate a 9-hole game of golf. The walk was completed on separate days under five conditions: double strap above sacrum, double strap below sacrum, single strap, pushcart, and no bag. At each .4 km covered, participants reported ratings of perceived exertion and performed three countermovement vertical jumps on a force plate. Data collected from five days of testing were used for analysis. RESULTS: Analyses comparing concentric peak force (F(48,432) = 1.395, p = 0.047, 2 = 0.134) and time to peak force revealed a significant interaction (F(48,432) = 1.750, p = 0.002, 2 = 0.180) during the pushcart condition. The repeated measures ANOVA for vertical jump height revealed a significant interaction (F(48, 432) = 1.699, p = 0.003, 2 = 0.159). Ratings of perceived exertion were greater at the 2.4 km mark and 4.8 km mark during the single strap condition. CONCLUSION: Employing the pushcart may be more advantageous to maintain jump performance compared to other conditions. Further research is needed to determine which load carrying strategy deteriorates golf performance.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material