Term of Award

Summer 2022

Degree Name

Master of Science in Experimental Psychology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Thresa Yancey

Committee Member 1

Michael Nielsen

Committee Member 2

Dorthie Cross


This study sought to understand the factors related to increased symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression among Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) individuals. It is common for religious beliefs and Sexual and Gender minority ideals to clash. In the case of parent-child relationships, it is important to determine how the congruence of beliefs between parent and child may moderate mood disorder symptoms. A convenience sample of 271 individuals (46.5% identifying as a Gender and/or Sexual minority) completed an online survey. Participants provided information about their religious congruence with their closest parental or guardian figure and completed measures of current depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms (DASS-21, Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). MANOVA analyses showed Sexual and Gender minority individuals reported higher levels of depression and stress compared to their cisgender, heterosexual peers. Additionally, parental attachment, parent-child religious congruence, and symptoms of depression, stress, and anxiety were correlated. Parent-child religious congruence did not significantly modify the relationship between sexual orientation/gender identity and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress.

Research Data and Supplementary Material


Included in

Psychology Commons