Term of Award

Spring 2022

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Department

Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Megan Byrd

Committee Member 1

Steve Patterson

Committee Member 2

Nicholas Siekirk

Abstract

Various physiological and lifestyle factors make shorter sleep durations more prevalent in young people, leaving them at risk of sleep deprivation. In addition to overall poorer health outcomes and decreases in well-being, lack of sleep has known effects on performance, neurocognitive functioning, and recovery from exercise. This creates a greater potential for sport-related injury to occur. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between sleep quality, health-related quality of life, and injury in high school student athletes. The sample consisted of 100 high school athletes (M age = 15.86, SD = 1.25 years). Participants completed a survey containing the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Participants were also asked about their history of injury/illness within the past month. A Spearman’s Rho correlation analyzed the relationship between sleep quality and health-related quality of life. A chi square analyzed the relationship between sleep quality and injury and/or illness occurrence. There was a significant moderate negative correlation between sleep quality and HRQOL, rs (98) = -.487, p < .001. The relationship between sleep quality and injury and/or illness occurrence was statistically significant, X2 (1; N = 100) = 4.348, p = .037. Participants with worse sleep quality were associated with having lower HRQOL. Participants with worse sleep quality were also associated with higher injury and/or illness occurrence. Advising high school student athletes on the importance of maintaining adequate sleep and exploring new ways to enhance their sleep quality should be considered as an approach to injury prevention.

Research Data and Supplementary Material

No

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