Term of Award

Spring 2022

Degree Name

Doctor of Public Health in Public Health Leadership (Dr.P.H.)

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


College of Public Health

Committee Chair

William A. Mase

Committee Member 1

Katie Mercer

Committee Member 2

Ana Palacios

Non-Voting Committee Member

Gemma Skuraton, gskuraton@georgiasouthern.edu; Amber Culpepper aculpepper@georgiasouthern.edu


Campus sexual assault has been recognized as one of the most pressing issues on college campuses and an epidemic across the U.S. The purpose of this study is to explore perceived prosocial behavior change of one bystander intervention training in two different modalities: synchronous virtual via Zoom and asynchronous online training via a learning management system (LMS). To date, there is no research study that evaluates the same bystander intervention program across different intervention delivery modalities. This research is the first of its kind to examine the relationship between intervention delivery modality and post-evaluation questions and serves as a pilot study for future research. Secondary data was used in this study were collected between October 2020 to April 2021. The study sample consisted of first-year college students enrolled at a public midsize southeast university in the United States. The total population of this study includes (n=195) first-year students who completed the bystander intervention training (BIT) and the post-evaluation survey. A two-tailed Mann-Whitney U test was conducted to compare each post-evaluation question and intervention delivery modality. To examine the significant association between each post-evaluation question and racial identity, gender identity, and sexual orientation a Fisher’s exact test was conducted. In the LMS modality, Black/African American participants had 92% times greater odds of agreeing or strongly agreeing to change some behaviors as a result of this BIT compared to White/Caucasian participants. Among the LMS modality, females had 6.12 times greater odds of agreeing or strongly agreeing to change some behaviors as a result of this BIT compared to males. The need for adaptive college campus programming that meets the expectations and needs of students today is a valuable contribution to public health. This study aims to open a research pathway to provide further recommendations to enhance public health and inclusion efforts for sexual assault prevention programming intervention delivery modalities.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material