Term of Award
Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (open access)
Copyright Statement / License for Reuse
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
CONTEXT: Firefighting is a dangerous profession often leading to minor and severe injuries. Injuries range from basic first aid to fatalities. Over a third of injuries linked to muscular-skeletal injuries (MSKI). To address MSKI, the fire service has turned to preventative and rehabilitation care such as on-site health care professionals.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was 1) to understand rural firefighters' self-efficacy of injury care and willingness to report MSKIs, 2) compare on-site preventative care fire departments to traditional fire departments and 3) describe the influence of on-site self-efficacy of MSKI care and willingness to report injuries based on past injuries.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 100 southeastern firefighters completed the online survey.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A 17-question survey included questions on demographics, self-efficacy and self-care of musculoskeletal injuries, and willingness to report injuries was sent to firefighters in the southeast region.
RESULTS: Firefighters with an on-site health care professional and experienced an injury median scores were statistically significantly different between Yes and Not Applicable for self-efficacy and self-care in evaluating the importance of your symptoms (p= 0.022), doing something to relieve their symptoms (p= 0.029), persisting in finding a symptom remedy even when difficult (p= 0.042), and in my department, there is no blame or stigma attached to reporting an injury(p= 0.020). Firefighters without an on-site health care professional experienced an injury median scores were statistically significantly different between no and not applicable for recognize changes in your health if they occur (p= 0.024), feel quite comfortable reporting an injury (p= 0.017), in my department, people tent to cover up their injuries (p= 0.004), and in my department, there is no blame or stigma attached to reporting an injury (p= 0.004). No significant difference found overall between departments.
CONCLUSION: No difference between firefighters with an on-site health care professional compared to traditional departments. However, firefighters with an on-site health care professional who have been injured show more confidence in self-care and self-efficacy of injuries. Firefighters with on-site health care professionals show an increase in willingness to report.
Villafuerte, Marissa, "Firefighters Self-Efficacy Of Injuries And Willingness To Report Injuries Within The Southeast Region Of The United States" (2021). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2225.
Research Data and Supplementary Material
Available for download on Tuesday, April 14, 2026