Term of Award

Spring 2018

Degree Name

Master of Arts in English (M.A.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Literature and Philosophy

Committee Chair

Olivia Carr Edenfield

Committee Member 1

Brad Edwards

Committee Member 2

Steven Florczyk


In his 1929 A Farewell to Arms, American Author Ernest Hemingway provides the thesis for all of American Modernism when he writes, “the world breaks everyone and afterward many are strong at the broken places” (216). If the world breaks everyone Hemingway’s focus becomes not in the breaking but in the solutions for becoming strong at the broken places. Throughout his canon Hemingway presents the healing rituals and therapeutic patterns that govern sports and game as a solution to becoming strong at the broken places. While critics have closely analyzed and scrutinized some of his most recognized short-stories, stories such as “Cross-Country Snow” or “Big Two-Hearted River,” many scholars have neglected to focus on the equally significant game of pool in “Soldier’s Home.” “Soldier’s Home,” appearing in his 1925 short-story cycle In Our Time, depicts WWI veteran Harold Krebs as he returns home from the war traumatized and broken. In turning to the rituals, routines, patterns, and motions of the game of pool Krebs is made strong at the broken places.

Research Data and Supplementary Material