Term of Award

Winter 2016

Degree Name

Master of Science in Experimental Psychology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Karen Naufel

Committee Member 1

Lawrence Locker

Committee Member 2

Ty Boyer


The purpose of this study was to examine how text and picture pairings affected comprehension and memory for medication instructions. Participants viewed instructions on how to prepare a mock oral suspension drug. These instructions either had the picture repeat the information in the text, or complement information in the text. The text instructions were also either integrated into the pictures, or were separated from the pictures. Next, participants were assessed on their comprehension and memory including memory for the order of the steps and their belief in their ability to carry out this task effectively. The results indicated that participants who viewed the complementary format were better at remembering the order of events than those who viewed the repetitious format, perhaps because complementary pictures and text facilitate deeper processing and memory. Incorporating these factors into the creation of medication instructions could increase comprehension and help improve accuracy in medication administration.

Research Data and Supplementary Material