Abundance, Distribution, and Genetic Variation of the Non-Native Red Claw Crayfish (Cherax Quadricarinatus) Recently Introduced to Puerto Rico
Term of Award
Master of Science in Biology (M.S.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (restricted to Georgia Southern)
Department of Biology
Committee Member 1
John Scott Harrison
Committee Member 2
Crayfish introductions have been widely recognized as a threat to native diversity and ecosystem function. Introduction events involve a few founding individuals which could limit genetic diversity and establishment potential. Diversity within introduced populations will decrease due to bottlenecks and drift, or increase as a result of multiple introduction events. I present here a case study which documents the current population dynamics and genetic variation of Cherax quadricarinatus (Red Claw) recently introduced to the island of Puerto Rico.
Red Claw were sampled from reservoirs, as well as an aquaculture facility located in the Southwest. Relative abundance was estimated using a Catch-Per-Unit-Effort approach (the number of individuals per trapnight ~24hrs) with a Cidra being the highest (2.20). A length-mass relationship developed a power equation where Biomass (M) is predicted by taking Standard Carpace Length (SCL) to the power b= 3.4451 and multiplying by a = 0.0057 (M = (0.0057) SCL (3.4451)). ANOVA suggested differences in overall SCL (F(4,134)= 16.96, P< 0.0001) and Biomass (F(4,145)=15.59, Pst was lowest between Cidra and Guajataca (Fst = 0.007), and the number of migrants per generation (Nm) was highest between these two populations (Nm = 36.167). Permutated Mantel tests indicated that isolation-by-distance has had little influence on genetic variation (r= 0.038, p = 0.384). STRUCTURE results supported a K = 2 as being the most probable number of populations.
This study supports previous surveys indicating that Red Claw is established in Puerto Rico. My work is the first to present island wide distribution and relative abundance estimates for areas not previously surveyed. Genetic analysis supports strong structuring between populations as the result of small founder events. Biomass estimates will allow for a standardized measure to assess the role of Red Claw in ecosystem processes. Overall, results will contribute to the concern of Red Claw introduction outside of its native range.
Macias, Nicholas A., "Abundance, Distribution, and Genetic Variation of the Non-Native Red Claw Crayfish (Cherax Quadricarinatus) Recently Introduced to Puerto Rico" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1165.