Term of Award

Spring 2014

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Daniel Czech

Committee Member 1

Brandonn Harris

Committee Member 2

Trey Burdette


Research has shown that pre-performance routines positively influence performance of closed and self-paced skills (Boutcher & Crews, 1987; Cohn, 1990; Otto et al., 2011). Boutcher and Crews (1987) suggested that pre-performance routines improve performance by helping reduce anxiety along with helping athletes’ retain mental sharpness and focus. Furthermore, several quantitative studies have examined the influence of both behavioral and temporal consistency of pre-performance routines on the success of a skill, yielding inconsistent results (Boutcher & Crews, 1987; Lobmeyer & Wasserman, 1986; Lonsdale & Tam, 2008; Jackson, 2003). However, research examining this phenomenon from a qualitative and naturalistic observational perspective is scarce. This four-purpose study sought to examine the influence of (1) temporal and (2) behavioral consistency of pre-performance routines on free throw shooting percentage at the NCAA Division-I level. The final quantitative purpose (3) was to determine if either behavioral or temporal consistency had a stronger association with free throw shooting percentage. Additionally, (4) qualitative interviewing enabled analysis of non-observable aspects of the routine while gaining a deeper understanding of the routine through the participants’ perspective.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material