Adaptive Group-Based Zero Knowledge Proof-Authentication Protocol

Amar Rasheed, Georgia Southern University
Rabi N. Mahapatra, Texas A & M University Engineering
Felix G. Hamza-Lup, Georgia Southern University


Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are a particular subclass of mobile ad hoc networks that raise a number of security challenges, notably from the way users authenticate the network. Authentication technologies based on existing security policies and access control rules in such networks assume full trust on roadside unit (RSU) and authentication servers. The disclosure of authentication parameters enables user's traceability over the network. VANETs' trusted entities (e.g., RSU) can utilize such information to track a user traveling behavior, violating user privacy and anonymity. In this paper, we proposed a novel, light-weight, adaptive group-based zero knowledge proof-authentication protocol (AGZKP-AP) for VANETs. The proposed authentication protocol is capable of offering various levels of users' privacy settings based on the type of services available on such networks. Our scheme is based on the zero-knowledge-proof crypto approach with the support of tradeoff options. Users have the option to make critical decisions on the level of privacy and the amount of resources usage they prefer such as short system response time versus the number of private information disclosures. Furthermore, AGZKP-AP is incorporated with a distributed privilege control and revoking mechanism that render user's private information to law enforcement in case of a traffic violation.