Development and Validation of the Biobanking Attitudes and Knowledge Survey (BANKS)
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention Online
Background: No validated multiscale instruments exist that measure community members' views on biobanking and biospecimen donation. This study describes the development and psychometric properties of the English-language BANKS (Biobanking Attitudes and Knowledge Survey).
Methods: The BANKS was created by item generation through review of scientific literature, focus groups with community members, and input from a community advisory board. Items were refined through cognitive interviews. Content validity was assessed through an expert panel review. Psychometric properties of the BANKS were assessed in a sample of 85 community members.
Results: The final BANKS includes three scales: attitudes, knowledge, and self-efficacy; as well as three single items, which evaluated receptivity and intention to donate a biospecimen for research. Cronbach α coefficients for two scales that use Likert response format indicated high internal consistency (attitudes: α, 0.88; self-efficacy: α, 0.95). Content validity indices were moderate, ranging from 0.69 to 0.89. Intention to donate blood and intention to donate urine were positively correlated with attitudes, knowledge, self-efficacy, and receptivity to learning more about biobanking (P values range from 0.029 to <0.001).
Conclusions: The final BANKS shows evidence of satisfactory reliability and validity, is easy to administer, and is a promising tool to inform biospecimen research. Additional studies should be conducted with larger samples considering biospecimen donation to further assess the reliability and validity of the instrument.
Impact: A valid and reliable instrument measuring community members' views about biobanking may help researchers evaluate relevant communication interventions to enhance understanding, intention, and actual biospecimen donation. A Spanish-language BANKS is under development.
Wells, Kristen J., Mariana Arevalo, Cathy D. Meade, Clement K. Gwede, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, John S. Luque, Gloria San Miguel, Dale Watson, Rebecca Phillips, Carmen Reyes, Margarita Romo, Jim West, Paul B. Jacobsen.
"Development and Validation of the Biobanking Attitudes and Knowledge Survey (BANKS)."
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention Online, 23 (3): 374-382.