Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Hispanic Immigrant Women in the Nuevo South
This study aims to examine prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening utilization and adherence among a growing population of Hispanic immigrant women in coastal South Carolina.
We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 196 women to assess recency of screening and hypothesized study predictors (health status, beliefs, self-efficacy, having a regular provider, barriers to screening, and trust in providers). Multiple ordinal logistic regressions identified final covariates which would predict recency of screening.
Approximately 84% of women were up-to-date with their Pap tests and 47% had received a Pap test in the previous year. In the adjusted analyses, having a regular provider and having a chronic medical condition were significantly associated with recency of Pap test.
Differences in cervical cancer screening for participants were partially explained by psychosocial factors, health status, and individual and structural barriers to healthcare.