Using Twitter to Track Unplanned School Closures: Georgia Public Schools
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
To aid emergency response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researchers monitor unplanned school closures (USCs) by conducting online systematic searches (OSS) to identify relevant publicly available reports. We examined the added utility of analyzing Twitter data to improve USC monitoring. Methods:
Georgia public school data were obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics. We identified school and district Twitter accounts with 1 or more tweets ever posted (“active”), and their USC-related tweets in the 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years. CDC researchers provided OSS-identified USC reports. Descriptive statistics, univariate, and multivariable logistic regression were computed. Results:
A majority (1,864/2,299) of Georgia public schools had, or were in a district with, active Twitter accounts in 2017. Among these schools, 638 were identified with USCs in 2015-16 (Twitter only, 222; OSS only, 2015; both, 201) and 981 in 2016-17 (Twitter only, 178; OSS only, 107; both, 696). The marginal benefit of adding Twitter as a data source was an increase in the number of schools identified with USCs by 53% (222/416) in 2015-16 and 22% (178/803) in 2016-17. Conclusions:
Policy-makers may wish to consider the potential value of incorporating Twitter into existing USC monitoring systems.
Ahweyevu, Jennifer O., Ngozi Pearl Chukwudebe, Brittany Morgan Buchanan, Jingjing Yin, Atin Adhikari, Xiaolu Zhou, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, Gerardo Chowell, Martin I. Meltzer, Isaac Fung.
"Using Twitter to Track Unplanned School Closures: Georgia Public Schools."
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness: Cambridge University Press.