Antonio Ferres (Madrid, 1924), Spanish novelist who began publishing in the 1950s in the period of what has been called “social realism,” wrote Los vencidos in 1960 during a shorter period of about four years referred to as “critical realism,” but the novel was forbidden by the censor during the Franco dictatorship, came out in Italian in 1962 and in Spanish in France in 1965. Unjustly deprived of a general Spanish public until 2005, it tells the story of Asunción who searches for her husband only to find he was put to death by Spanish nationalists, Federico Vidal, an imprisoned doctor friend of the husband, who never loses faith that victors and vanquished will one day be reconciled, and Miguel, a fascist prison official who begins to learn, by Federico’s example, the emptiness of victory.

Bio Note

Louis Bourne (Richmond, Virginia, 1942), Associate Professor of Spanish at Georgia College & State University, published a study of the divine in Nicaraguan Rubén Darío’s poetry, Fuerza Invisible (1999). Apart from articles on post-Spanish Civil War novels and poetry and Hispanic modernismo, he has translated books by Vicente Aleixandre, María Victoria Atencia, R. Bordao, Clara Janés, J. J. Padrón, and an S. de la Nuez anthology of Canary Island poetry. He won the William Arrowsmith Translation Award (2001), is a member of the Real Academia de Doctores and has three books of poetry in Spanish.

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Supplemental Reference List with DOIs