Document Type

Research Paper

Publication Date

Summer 6-23-2023


Bulk liquid terminals play a crucial role in enabling the timely discharge and loading of liquid from the tankers and also facilitating oil transport to the hinterland via pipelines and external trucks. However, the speed of operations (and demurrage costs in the likely event of vessel handling delays) depends on the capacities of all terminal resources including berth, loading arms, and storage tank farms. Today, there is a limited understanding of how the interactions among the resources affect the overall vessel sojourn time performance. Using an integrated fluid flow simulation model of a bulk liquid terminal, we are able to gain much insight into the discharge operations of a tanker, in particular, implications of storage tank capacity feedback on the loading arm utilization and vessel sojourn times.

Publication Title

Progress in Material Handling Research