Document Type

Research Paper

Publication Date



Pallets, cardboard boxes, and plastic crates are widely used tools to operate supply chains. As such they have many impacts on handling effort, shipment protection, transport mean utilization as well as repositioning and recycling efforts and they represent billions of assets spread all over the world. The historical and local origins of the designs and the sharing among many stakeholders do not ensure at all any kind of global optimization. The purpose of this paper is to define and explain a research effort to better measure and evaluate the efficiencies and inefficiencies for supply chain stakeholders for themselves and globally. When validated the framework will be sued to evaluate new designs on a global scale especially for the design of the handling box related to the Physical Internet concept.


Paper 3

Publication Title

Progress in Material Handling Research: 2016