Understanding Factors Related to Women's Adherence to Colposcopy

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Nursing for Women's Health




Early detection can prevent death from cervical cancer, but success is dependent on women with abnormal cytology attending follow-up procedures, including colposcopy. Factors that influence adherence to colposcopy include age, race, education, socioeconomic status, smoking, chemical dependence, intimate partner violence and anxiety. Comprehension of abnormal Pap smear results and knowledge of current treatment guidelines and follow-up is important in the prevention of cervical cancer. Understanding factors that could inhibit adherence to colposcopy will allow for tailored communication and individualized treatment to prevent colposcopy default. Implementation of colposcopy clinics with designated nurses to track and monitor adherence could help.